Animation began almost 2,000 years back star projector which has a device referred to as the Zoetrope. Now, fans can take advantage of animation available drawn, CGI and prevent motion formats. From the start to new technologically advanced technology, here is the good the genre.
Several countries around the world have contributed to the idea and invention of animation.
Zoetrope: the main Zoetrope in 180 AD, introduced by Ting Huan, from China, was an illusion that, when spun, made the images appear like they were moving; the modern Zoetrope was founded by William George Harner from Britain in 1834 (see photo).
Magic lantern: Thaumatrope, 1824.
Flip book: patented by John Barns Linnet in 1868.
Mutoscope: in 1894.
Praxinescope: France 1877, introduced by Charles-Emile Reynaud who made earth’s first animated film which screened in Paris, France on October 28, 1892 regarding his prototype of the modern projector he referred to as the Théâtre Optique system (invented in 1889).
However, even before these early projectors, the very first animation of the world goes back to 5000 years back, within present-day Iran (Persia), an animated earthen goblet, depicting a goat jumping to some tree to eat the leaves. Also, animation may be depicted in cave drawings.
Animation is divided into three categories: traditional animation (includes cel-animation), stop motion (includes claymation), and CGI (computer generated imagery). Even today, since it was often carried out days gone by, any one of them might be congruently combined as well as combined with live-action, e.g. ‘Who Framed Roger Rabbit’? (1988).
Traditional animation was at once the most used form of animation, going back to the early using animation in films. Traditional, or classical animation since it’s also called, originally consisted of hand-drawn images on each, single frame, like the background. Later, while using invention of cel-animation, founded by Earl Hurd in 1914 (while employed at John Bray Studio), animation would progress even more.
Cel-animation was a technique utilized in that your animated ink drawings were inked directly onto clear items of celluloid, each frame individually. Then, each piece of celluloid, one by one, was placed on one particular painted background and then photographed consecutively. Since this saved the required time, because the background did not have to be used per frame, other animation studios began copying this method. Today, traditional animation is completed digitally on the computer, with ‘digital ink’.
*Even though Earl Hurd, in 1914, invented the cel-animation technique, unfortunately, it had been John Bray Studio who received the credit just for this innovative method. It was misfortunate that the early animation studios didn’t credit their artists and just considered fame and monetary gains by themselves.
Otto Messmer, ‘Felix the Cat’ creator, when utilised by the Pat Sullivan Studio, experienced the identical unfairness as Hurd. Not once in his entire life did he receive recognition as well as monetary gain (Pat Sullivan made millions from Messmer’s creation). This also happened with the Walt Disney Studios; except Disney is considered to get acknowledged his artists; however, Disney, like Pat Sullivan, received millions from his artists’ creations. For instance, it had been Freddie Moore (Robert Fred Moore) who must have received people attention (while he was alive) for his innovative style towards realistic motion; this exceeded at night ‘rubber hose’ style of the day.
In stop motion animation, or stop-action, a thing is slightly moved (object animation), then photographed, one frame at a time. Clay animation (or ‘Claymation’ registered trademarked (1978) by Will Vinton) and pixilation, both initially first utilized in 1908. The U.S. clay animated film, manufactured by The Edison Manufacturing Co. (later generally known as Thomas A. Edison, Inc.) called ‘The Sculptor’s Welsh Rarebit Dream’ (1908) is the very first known clay animation. ‘El hotel eléctrico’ (The Electric Hotel) (1908), a Spanish film manufactured by Segundo de Chomón, can be an early example of the using pixilation.
There are other variations of stop motion techniques: go motion, stereoscopic, and CGI stop motion.
Go motion was first utilized in 1980 in ‘Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back’ and was created as a way to give a more realistic movement to the object(s) inside the frame. Since each object, when shot using stop motion, is within crisp clear focus within each frame (which doesn’t realistically represent movement to the human eye), go motion provided the mandatory effect to produce a subject’s movement more life-like by creating motion blur. When shooting go motion, this issue, while being recorded, is moved. This creates motion blur. Although there have become multiple ways to produce a subject move while it’s being recorded, a proven way is to apply rods to manage the thing.
Stereoscopic (‘two’ images) animation identifies 3-D animation. One way to create 3-D images with object animation is by the using a binary lens system (aka point-and-shoot stereo cameras), one particular camera designed with two lens. Another way to produce 3-D images is while using using a computer and CGI programs.
CGI animation can be a mixture of computer generated imagery with animation techniques, and because of the advancements of computer technology and software, is currently becoming preferred kind of animation. The difference between CGI along with other types of animations is that everything is manipulated which has a computer, one frame at a time. Each frame, after manipulation, should be rendered, and due to this, a quick computer is critical.
CGI initially started in the early seventies while using advancement of computer technology and software. However, it wasn’t until recently, while using using motion capture that CGI characters are becoming increasingly more realistic.
You don’t have to get a fancy computer and a lot of training to begin with in animation. Learn to make your own stop motion movie.
“Film History.” Kristen Thompson, David Bordwell. 2003.
Image in “Beginning of the Art” from Wikimedia Commons